Treatment with kinesio taping on the shoulder injuries in water polo players

Frassine S., Colombo M.

Literatuur type: 
pilotstudie
Publicatie jaar: 
2007

 

Background
Water polo is a unique combination of swimming, throwing, and martial arts. Physiologically it is extremely demanding, in particular it is an upper extremity sport: there are a myriad of injuries that occur to the shoulder, from the overuse syndrome of throwing and swimming to traumatic injuries resulting from wrestling. The incidence of shoulder pain is directly correlated with the level of competition and years spent competing in the sport. According to the data published in scientific literature, except in severe cases, the treatment consists in a period of rest, followed by a rehabilitation program and a return to activities modification with avoidance of overhead activities, once pain has been relieved. Treatment should be initiated with the goal of eliminating pain and inflammation, restoring motion, correcting strenght deficits, restoring normal synchronous muscle activity, and returning the athlete to a premorbid level of function and competitive throwing. Failure of a nonoperative program is defined as a lack of definitive progress after 3 months or inability to return asymptomatically to a competitive level of function by 6 months. Kinesio Taping has emerged as the rehabilitative taping method within the US and international medical communities. It may look like conventional athletic tape, but tape and Kinesio Taping is fundamentally different. Kinesio Taping is based on a different philosophy that aims to give free range of motion in order to allow the body's muscular system to heal itself bio-mechanically. KT is extremely versatile in its ability to re-educate the neuromuscular system, promote lymphatic flow, reduce pain, enhance performance, prevent injury, and promote injury resolution

Hypothesis
Water polo payers with shoulder injuries using kinesio tape will exhibit lower pain and increased level of function without avoidance of overhead activities.

Study Design
pilot study

Methods
Ten water polo players with shoulder injury were evaluated before starting a rehabilitation program using kinesio tape. They were also evaluated after KT application, after the first training with KT, after 1 and 2- months rehabilitation program consisted on stretching, strengthening of the shoulder and scapular musle and kinesio taping. In evaluation we considered pain with VAS pain scale and the level of function with the Constant shoulder score.

Results
The athletes exhibited significantly lower pain and greater level of function and they were able to train and to play without activities modification or using anti-inflammatory.

Conclusion
These findings could indicate that kinesio taping method may contribute in the rehabilitation of athletes’ injuries.

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